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Fluorite is an essential mineral which is composed of Calcium Fluorite. It is affiliated with halide minerals. The fluorite stone shows cubic and octahedral faces set upon a micaceous matrix.
It is considered to be the one of the most colorful mineral both in ultraviolet and normal light. The fluorite gemstone is useful gemstone which is not only used for ornaments purpose, but also used for commercial uses.
Basically, this stone is used for the production of glasses and enamels. These stones have low dispersion that aids this stone to be used to create lenses for telescopes and microscopes especially lens that exhibit less chromatic aberration.
The mineral fluorite is the second most famous mineral in the world preceded by quartz. This stone has been revered as the most colorful gemstone due to its capability to emit diverse range of colors.
The distinct capability to exhibit the ample amount of colors has built its reputation on the assembly of all minerals. Consequently, by virtue of its dominant properties this stone is being majorly used in the field of jewelry and industries.
Due to the fact of its captivating properties this stone is felt engaging for mineral collectors because it has diverse crystal habits that consequences a well-formed clean crystal.
The cube is acknowledged to be the most recognized term of fluorite preceded by octahedral. It is approved that octahedral is composed at a higher temperature than a cube.
The mineral Fluorite has ideal octahedral cleavage. It means that fluorite has four similar directions of cleavage, which can develop a perfect octahedral or diamond shape when cleaved correctly.
These cleaved octahedrons are popular in rock shops all over the world. However, the natural (e.g. uncleaved) octahedrons are much harder to find.
The name fluorite is derived from the Latin word fluo which means flow of water or stream. The mineral fluorite is also called flux which also means wash or current flow of water.
The mineral fluorite was discovered in 1530 from the work of Bermannus.
However, in the year 1852, the name fluorite was first attached to the phenomenon of fluorescence, which is easily seen in fluorite due to the presence of certain impurities in the crystal of this mineral.
In regard to this, the word “fluorspar” is generally used for these minerals in industries. The fluorite mineral is formed of Calcium fluoride that melts at the temperature of 1676 k.
The fluorite is allochromatic means that the stone is traced with certain impurities. And, these impurities will aid this mineral to exhibit different colors.
Consequently, this stone is spotted in various colors and it is occasionally termed as the “most colorful gemstone in the world”.
Moreover, the fluorite mineral comprises each color of the rainbow along with some additional color like white, black and clear crystals.
Although, the primary colors of fluorite are green, blue, purple, white, red, light pink, black and brown. Fluorite minerals exhibit different colors due to the presence of impurities in minerals and maximum exposure to radiation.
Occurrence and Mining:
The fluorite minerals are spotted from all over the world in ample quantity. As per estimation, this stone is deposited across 9000 areas.
This mineral is elementarily deposited in hydrothermal origin and acknowledged to be the notable mineral in granite and other rocks.
By far 230 million ton fluorite is deposited across the world and South Africa is acknowledged to be the top reservoir of fluorite mineral.
Additionally, China, Mongolia, Mexico, Russia also produces this stone in large quantity. The first recognized area for mining of fluorite was discovered in 1843 by J>B> Jukes a prominent gemologist.