Manikya or Ruby, the rarest of gemstones, is a Red Sapphire and often regarded as the king of gems. Rubies vary in color and brighten in strong light. Some rubies are pinkish red or violet/purplish red in color, with different colors and shades of color often found in the same stone.
Indraneela or Blue Sapphire is known for its striking lustre and color which range from light to very dark blue. Blue Sapphires may be given a variety of cuts; the most common being the oval cut. Blue Sapphires are one of the most highly prized of the corundum species.
Pushparaga / Pukhraj or Yellow Sapphire is a lesser known gem in today’s market. Known as Oriental Topaz until the mid-1800’s Colors vary from light yellow to golden and honey yellow. They have considerable lustre, come in a variety of cuts and are increasing in market value.
Mukta or Pearl is the most valued of the organic gems. A Pearl is a very special and exclusive gift of nature considered universally as the oldest known gem. The most valued come from the ocean and have a visible lustre or sheen with the most common being white or cream with a rose overtone.
Red Coral Gemstone
Vidruma / Moonga or Coral is an organic gem that comes from reefs and atolls. The most valued Coral is the noble red Coral seen here (Corallicum rubrum). The color is uniform throughout with no pits or color streaks. Polished Coral has a vitreous lustre. Due to pollution, Coral is an endangered species.
Marakata / Panna or Emeralds are known by their distinctive green color and can vary from light to dark green. All Emeralds contain inclusions formed during their growth. Inclusions indicate the stone is natural. The most common cut is the step or Emerald Cut.
Gomedhaka / Gomedh or Hessonite is a variety of grossular garnet. It has good lustre and looks transparent. The color is brownish-orange and is often called Cinnamon Stone. These gems are often given step or mixed cuts. Hessonite Garnets are found especially in Sri Lanka.
Vaidurya / Lehsuniya or Cat’s Eye is the name given to the variety of chrysoberyl which beautifully displays the phenomenon of chatoyancy. The numerous inclusions line up to form very fine, parallel crystal needles. Cat’s eyes are always cut in cabachons to emphasize the eye effect.
Vajra / Heera or Diamonds adamantine lustre gives a beautiful ‘fire’ or sparkle to the stone. Value is determined by a grading system that rates color, clarity and weight with lesser value given to cut proportions and surface finish..